Turkey will remember Wednesday as the 105th anniversary of March 18, 1915, a day celebrated as Canakkale Victory and Martyrs’ Day.

The poignant day marks the cataclysmic, months-long violence of the Gallipoli Campaign when Ottoman forces suffered huge losses defending Turkish shores in northern Canakkale province from the invading Allies in WWI.

The British War Council decided to occupy the Gallipoli Peninsula on Jan. 13, 1915. The main target was Istanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.

Britain wanted to cross the Gallipoli Strait and occupy Istanbul before Russia, thus, ending the war.

Britain and France, two allied states,

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