The writer is a researcher at the Institute for Research and Study on the Arab and Muslim World, located in Aix-en-Provence, France.


We have known for a long time that hardships are indicative of strengths and weaknesses, the greatness and the baseness of individuals or societies who face them.

The COVID-19 outbreak unsurprisingly also revealed in France, among the elites as well as in the depths of society, in the presence of bright heroes and noble inclinations … but also, inevitably, that of some less beautiful realities of all kinds.

Perhaps the most questionable of what the French government

Read more: OPINION - COVID-19: Confession of fragility of West