Montane ecosystems, which host unique habitats, endemic wildlife species and also play a crucial role in human life, are under a number of threats.

In 2003, the UN General Assembly designated Dec. 11 as “International Mountain Day” in order to encourage the international community to organize events to stress the importance of sustainable mountain development.

“The distribution of the mountains on Earth, in which 90% of them stay along linear lines, demonstrates that mountains are not a land form that randomly occurred,” Abdurrahman Dokuz, an expert on geology at Turkey’s Gumushane University, told Anadolu Agency.

Defining mountains as terrestrial

Read more: Mountains: Crucial ecosystems for wildlife, humanity