Following the Libyan revolution’s success in ousting longtime ruler Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, Libya came under two de facto governments. 

The first, the internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA), put together by the UN in 2016, is headed by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj and operates in the capital Tripoli in the country’s northwest.

The second is a parallel government in the oil-rich east and parts of southern Libya controlled by military commander Khalifa Haftar, who is backed by Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

From a strong supporter of Gaddafi to a defector, the 75-year-old

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