Australia began on Wednesday a probe into the rise and threats posed by far-right extremism and radicalism in the country.

“The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security has commenced an Inquiry into extremist movements and radicalism in Australia with terms of reference from the Minister for Home Affairs,” reads a notice on the parliament website.

Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton referred the case to the committee after the opposition Labor Party put forth the demand for an investigation.

“Right-wing extremism is real. The threat is growing. That’s why Labor moved to refer the threat of right-wing extremism to @Aust_Parliament ’s Intelligence Committee,” Labor’s shadow home affairs minister Senator Kristina Keneally tweeted.

The inquiry is to be completed by April 2021, and the committee has invited written submissions “addressing any or all aspects of the inquiry” until Feb. 12, 2021.

According to the terms of reference, the committee will consider the nature and extent of threat posed by extremist movements and persons holding extremist views in Australia, as well as the geographic spread of these extremist movements and persons in Australia, and their links to international extremist organizations.

The development comes a day after New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern apologized for failings in the lead-up to the 2019 Christchurch terrorist attacks, which were committed by Brenton Tarrant, an Australian white supremacist. As many as 51 Muslims were killed and dozens injured.

A royal commission inquiry has called for changes to the country’s counter-terrorism operations.

The report had found that security agencies had placed an “inappropriate” focus on “Islamist extremism” before the attack, without giving due weight to the threat from right-wing terrorism.

Meanwhile, an 18-year-old youth in New South Wales is being charged with terrorism-related offenses following a counter-terrorism investigation. The anonymous youth was arrested earlier in the day.

The Australian Federal Police in a statement said the youth “has regularly used social media forums and communications applications during 2020 to encourage other people to commit violent acts in furtherance of an extreme right-wing ideology.”

The investigation began in August after investigators became aware of a “number of online posts containing an extreme right-wing ideology that indicated potential criminal activity.”

Assistant Commissioner Counter Terrorism Scott Lee said investigators were concerned about the man’s actions to date and made a decision to act early to ensure community safety.

“The sole aim of today’s activity was to ensure the safety of the community by preventing further planning, preparations or advocacy by this man that could have resulted in an attack in Australia,” he said.

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