Colombian commission reports causes on country’s conflict

BOGOTA – An ad-hoc commission presented its findings on the causes and origins of the violence in Colombia during a meeting in Havana attended by members of the FARC guerrillas and Colombia’s negotiating team.

“We Colombians have been killing one another for 50 years over differences of opinion,” said Eduardo Pizarro, a member of the Historic Commission of the Armed Conflict and its Victims in Colombia, made up of 12 academics and intellectuals.

Commission members agreed that responsibility for the war was shared among the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, the state and the right-wing paramilitary groups.

“The social structure controlling Colombia has the permanent consequences of iniquity, inequality, the disorganization of the state and of domination,” said Victor Moncayo, another commission member and ex director of the National University in Bogota. For Moncayo, responsibility for the conflict could not be attributed solely to individuals but to an ordered social structure that over time had become the victimizer.

The idea for the document was inspired by the Sabato Report that examined human rights violations in Argentina during the last military dictatorship there between 1976 and 1983.

The commission of 12 experts investigated the “principal factors and conditions which have facilitated or contributed to the persistence of the conflict,” added Moncayo, which has, according to official figures, left 220,000 dead and 5,3 million victims displaced in the course of half a century.

For four months the commission investigated and discussed the causes of the conflict and have indicated U.S. interference has played a part as well.

“In this report we can say that the participation of the United States regarding counterinsurgency tactics cannot be overlooked,” said Moncayo. “This permanent, continuous participation and provision of money, techniques, and personnel have all served to feed the conflict,” he added.

Moncayo said among committee members were those who detailed the “horror” of the criminal actions acted out by the guerrillas including kidnapping, extortion and drug trafficking.

While the FARC have yet to comment of the finding, it took the opportunity to urge on Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos to agree to a bilateral cease-fire.

“We call on President Santos to discontinue his dangerous game of hostilities and we ask him to delay no longer in agreeing to a bilateral cease-fire,” said Dutch FARC guerrilla Tanja Nijmeijer.

The peace dialogues between the government and the FARC began in Havana in November 2012 and are currently discussing the issue of victims of the armed conflict.

The findings have yet to be made available to the public it is believed it will soon be published and made available online.

Copyright © 2015 Anadolu Agency