Forced Migration and Mortality in the Ottoman Empire

From 1790 to 1923 more than 7 million persons were forced from their homes in the Balkans, the Caucasus and Anatolia. At the same time, another six million were counted among the dead, and many more dead were never counted. It was one of the worst human disasters in history, but is little known today. When the suffering of the time has been described, all too oen only dispossessed and dead Christians have been considered. Yet the greatest mortality and exile were experienced by Muslim peoples—Turks, Circassians, Kurds, and others. All shared in the suffering in that terrible time. Prepared by Justin McCarthy, Professor of History at the University of Louisville, the map is a powerful visual tool for both the historian and the casual viewer who seeks better to understand the cataclysm that effected so many millions, Muslim and Christian alike, during the final years of the Ottoman Empire. The map can be downloaded in pdf format. Hard copies can be requested by sending an e-mail to